Barrier-free access for people with disabilities

Barrier-free access for people with disabilities

Barrier-free access for people with disabilities 1920 1282 Μηχανικοί | Κρίτων O.E. Kriton

In the areas of new buildings except from buildings with residential use, it is necessary to ensure:

a) the horizontal and vertical, autonomous and safe access by disabled people and their service in all external and internal spaces of the buildings.

b) the provision of sanitary facilities accessible to persons with disabilities at a rate of 5% of the total sanitary facilities for public use and definitely at least one per complex of sanitary facilities, which may have mixed use (men’s/women’s).

Especially for new buildings with residential use, it is necessary to ensure autonomous and safe horizontal and vertical access by people with disabilities to all external and internal common areas, as well as ensuring conditions for easy conversion of the houses for future users with disability, without affecting the load-bearing structure of the building.

In the existing buildings that house organizations or have public gathering uses, such as places for conferences, exhibitions, museums, concerts, sports or cultural gatherings, temples, theaters, cinemas, restaurants, patisseries, cafes, entertainment centers, multi-purpose rooms, passenger waiting rooms, banks, exchange offices, places of temporary accommodation, education, health and social welfare, justice and penitentiary, offices and trade, industry and craft, as well as car parks and petrol stations, the necessary configurations must be made so that their functional areas are accessible by disabled people.

Especially for the existing buildings mentioned, the provision of an elevator with the minimum internal dimensions of the cabin is exceptionally permitted. Existing buildings with commercial and office uses, apart from buildings that house offices of public and wider public bodies, legal entities under public and private law, first and second tier local government organizations, as well as health care stores with internal seating or outdoor space, with a gross area of ​​less than one hundred (100) sq.m. they can only be exempted from the obligation to create accessible sanitary facilities for the public if this causes a disproportionate burden on their owners.

Exempted from the obligation of configurations to ensure physical access for a wheelchair user:

a) the buildings that have the only access to a graded road or are located on plots where the minimum difference in the level of the natural ground on the building line from the surface of the pavement is greater than 2.50 m, or the pavement in front has a width of less than 0.70 m, until the external common area for pedestrian traffic is formed.
b) the buildings, the adaptation of which is not possible without affecting their beams and columns or it is necessary to carry out other serious interventions in their load-bearing body, which may affect its static adequacy.
c) the buildings, the adaptation of which would cause a disproportionate financial burden for the debtor or debtors. By decision of the Minister of Environment and Energy, the criteria for a disproportionate burden are determined.

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